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English Raven's When-Who-What-Where Card Game
When-Who-What-Where? is a four-tiered 'flip and produce a sentence' game designed to reinforce basic word order in simple statements across a range of tenses as well as pronouns and application of direct and indirect objects.
The format reflects a traffic light pattern: students begin by fliping over a 'When?' card, which is red and signifies 'stop and think' (about the time being referred to and what how the verb will need to be structured later in the utterance). A 'Who?' card is then selected and placed next to the overturned red card. This card is yellow and signifies 'wait...' (and see who is performing the action, also affecting application of the verb). The final 'What?/Where?' is turned over to complete the sentence, being green and signifying 'go!' (ahead and say what is being done and where it is being done).
The three cards will give students all of the vocabulary and pointers to create a grammatically correct sentence - for example 'On Tuesday she goes to school' or 'Tomorrow they will watch TV in the living room'. The green 'What?/Where?' cards can be interpreted in a variety of ways, and there are no precise answers for the random combinations possible.
This game encourages a focus on form and structural processing through a challenging puzzle format, and can also be used as random pieces for sentence building/writing. It tends to be difficult for students at first, but with regular application it can encourage a lot more automaticity, and students seem to love the quiz-like nature of the cards!
Download the 135 Game Cards!
All of the When Who What Where downloads are available in the Card Games section of the MAIN DOWNLOADS page (for English Raven members).
Free practice poster to get your students started with these cards!
And now your students can play When? Who? What? Where? freely online, with a built-in audio recorder for them to practice making their own sentences alongside audio examples provided by English Raven for them to compare their own speaking with!